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珞珈讲坛第229讲预告

时 间:2018 年4月13日(周五)15:00

地 点:www.867.net樱顶老图书馆

主讲人:Jean-Pierre Sauvage 法国科学院院士 诺贝尔化学奖得主

题 目:From Solar Energy Research to Molecular Topology and Machinery

主讲人概况:

Jean-Pierre Sauvage教授1971年从法国斯特拉斯堡大学获得博士学位。现为欧洲科学院院士、法兰西科学院院士、法国斯特拉斯堡大学名誉教授,法国国家科研中心名誉研究主任,美国西北大学杰出访问教授,瑞士苏黎世大学访问教授。2016年,获诺贝尔化学奖。

Sauvage教授主要从事机械立体化学研究,是超分子拓扑化合物研究的开拓者。他开发了分子识别与组装过程中模板合成机械互锁型分子(如轮烷和索烃)的方法,大力推动了该领域的发展。1983年,Jean-Pierre Sauvage踏出了分子机器研发的第一步,当时,他成功地将两个环形分子连接起来,形成一根链,并命名其为“索烃”。通常情况下,分子之间通过强共价键这种原子之间共享电子的方式相结合,但在链状分子中,则是通过自由力结合。一部机器要能实行任务,它的各个组成部分之间必须具有相对运动的能力。这两个相互扣合的环形分子符合这个要求。2016年,Jean-Pierre Sauvage教授与美国科学家J. Fraser Stoddart、荷兰科学家Bernard L. Feringa因“分子机器的设计与合成”方面的突出成就与贡献获诺贝尔化学奖。

Sauvage教授曾担任《Chemical Society Review》主编,Inorganic Chemistry编辑,New Journal of Chemistry、Inorg. Chemistry Communication、Chemistry Letters等杂志编辑。他曾获得诸多重要奖项,其中包括Centenary Lecturer and Medal (Royal Society of Chemistry, United Kingdom),RB Woodward Award in Porphyrin Chemistry,Blaise Pascal Medal 2012 in Chemistry of the European Academy of Sciences,Elected as Fellow of the European Academy of Sciences等。

现已发表论文近500篇,引用次数超过28000次,H因子为88。

Brief Introduction of Professor Jean-Pierre Sauvage

Professor Jean-Pierre Sauvage, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2016, completed his PhD at the Louis-Pasteur University (Strasbourg I) under the supervision of Jean-Marie Lehn, himself a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1987. In thesis PhD research, he developed the first synthesis of cryptand ligands. He was a researcher at the CNRS in Strasbourg from 1971 to 2014. He currently holds the Chair of Chemistry of Coordination at the Institute of Advanced Studies of the University of Strasbourg (USIAS). His laboratory is at the Institute of Supramolecular Science and Engineering, ISIS (CNRS / University of Strasbourg).

Jean-Pierre Sauvage is an international pioneer in molecular machines. These devices are assemblies of molecules capable of changing shape while keeping their topology, as well as moving in a controlled fashion under the effect of light, thermal or electrical signals, for example. Professor Sauvage and his team succeeded in particular in developing and synthesizing molecular systems reproducing rotation, translation and contraction movements in the same way as a muscular fiber or other important biological processes.

He was awarded the bronze medal of the CNRS in 1978 and the silver medal of the CNRS in 1988, and is a recipient of many other scientific awards. He is a member of the French Academy of Sciences (1997), Knight of the National Order of the Legion of Honor and Grand Officer of the National Order of Merit (2016).

In 2016, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry alongside Britain's J. Fraser Stoddart and Dutchman Bernard L. Feringa. They were rewarded for the design and synthesis of "molecular machines". The work of Jean-Pierre Sauvage gives the nanosciences a new dimension with the development of molecular machines capable of reproducing movements of the living world.


发布单位: 科学技术发展研究院

发布日期: 2018-04-09

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